Types of Cancer Facilities

NCI - Designated Cancer Centers

National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated Cancer Centers deal more with ways on how we can find cancer prevention, along with diagnosis and treatment. Development and discovery plays a major role in how cancer is found and treated within the body. NCI Centers assist in medical advances to patients/family/friends, help educate health care professionals in the new advances and technologies within Cancer prevention and control, and assist in educating the general public the all aspects of cancer related issues. An NCI-designated Cancer Center might be found as a freestanding structure independent of itself or incorporated into a major medical facility within a hospital. NCI recognizes two types of centers—Cancer Centers and Comprehensive Cancer Centers and are characterized based on their scientific excellence and their capability to provide a wide range of research approaches in problem solving of cancer treatment.
  • Comprehensive Cancer Centers facilities must demonstrate expertise in each of three areas: laboratory, clinical, and behavioral and population-based research. They must initiate and conduct early phase, innovative clinical trials and to participate in the NCI's cooperative groups by providing leadership and recruiting patients for trials. Comprehensive Cancer Centers must also conduct activities in outreach and education, and provide information on advances in healthcare for both healthcare professionals and the public
  • Cancer Centers conduct a combination of basic, population sciences, and clinical research, and are encouraged to stimulate collaborative research involving more than one field of study. Unfortunately, many of these centers only implement laboratory research and do not provide patient care.

Regional/Community Cancer Centers

Free Standing Cancer Centers

Free Standing Cancer Centers (FSCC) specifically focus's on one area of treatment such as radiation therapy. While they might provide other services like chemotherapy and educational background, their main focus and research follows one specific path. Free-standing cancer centers are a growing trend within cancer care delivery and the many different critical components of the FSCC are multidisciplinary with a complete menu of direct care and support services, a commitment to clinical trials and clinical investigation, and a comprehensive program for quality assurance. There are many advantages in which the FSCC provides to the community, to hospital programs, to the practicing surgical, medical industry, and to radiation oncologists. Most of the these centers deal with surrounding major hospitals and share there findings in new cancer treatment technology and research.

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