Rehabilitation

PURPOSE:
The purpose of rehabilitation is to restore some or all of the patient's physical, sensory, and mental capabilities that were lost due to injury, illness, or disease. Rehabilitation includes assisting the patient to compensate for deficits that cannot be reversed medically. It is prescribed after many types of injury, illness, or disease, including amputations, arthritis, cancer, cardiac disease, neurological problems, orthopedic injuries, spinal cord injuries, stroke, and traumatic brain injuries. The Institute of Medicine has estimated that as many as 14% of all Americans may be disabled at any given time. (OMA-INC)

There are several types of rehabilitation facilities and space planning considerations based on therapy types and equipment needs.

Rehabilitation-Physical TerapyRehabilitation-Physical Terapy

DEFINING TYPES OF PHYSICAL THERAPY
(Within the sphere of Rehabilitation)
Types of Rehabilitation

TYPES OF REHABILITATION CARE
:
  • Physical Therapy:
    • A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises and equipment to help patients regain or improve their physical abilities. Physical therapists work with many types of patients, from infants born with musculoskeletal birth defects, to adults suffering from sciatica or the after- effects of injury, to elderly post-stroke patients. (MedicineNet)
  • Occupational Therapy:
    • The American Occupational Therapy Association executive board (1976) defines O.T. as the therapeutic use of work, self-care, and play activities to increase development and prevent disability. It may include adaptation of task or environment to achieve maximum independence and to enhance the quality of life. Basically, if at any point, someone encounters illness, injury or disability that prevents he/she from effectively or independently functioning in one or more "occupational" areas, then it is the job of Occupational Therapy to provide intervention which will help one regain function, maintain level of functioning, or make accommodations for any deficits one may be experiencing. Types of O.T. vary greatly based on the individual's age, condition, and level of disability. Occupational therapy techniques are not limited to a focus on improving a patient's day-to-day activities and functions, but include dance, specifically, a form of body/spatial analysis called Laban, developed by Rudolf Laban and Irmgard Bartenieff between the 1920's and 1950's. (MedicineNet)
  • Cardiac Rehabilitation:
    • A program for people with heart disease designed to reduce future heart risks. Cardiac rehabilitation usually consists of nutritional counseling; management of lipid levels, hypertension, weight, and diabetes; smoking cessation; psychosocial interventions; physical activity counseling; and exercise training. Cardiac rehabilitation reduces the risks of subsequent heart attacks and death from other causes. Cardiac rehabilitation is safe and beneficial when patients are evaluated and selected for it. Contraindications for cardiac rehabilitation include unstable angina, serious arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, previous cardiac arrest during exercise, and extremely low activity level. (MedicineNet)
  • Pulmonary Rehabilitation:
    • A multidimensional continuum of services directed to persons with pulmonary disease and their families, usually by an interdisciplinary team of specialists, with the goal of achieving and maintaining the individual's maximum level of independence and functioning in the community. The goals of pulmonary rehabilitation include reducing symptoms, decreasing disability, increasing participation in physical and social activities, and improving the overall quality of life for patients with chronic respiratory disease. Rehabilitation programs are individually assessed and prescribed case-by-case and include education, exercise training, psychosocial and behavioral intervention, and outcome assessment. (eMedicine)