NICU Design Codes

The Committee to Establish Guidelines for NICU has a web site that posts the current recommended space standards.

Website Summary:

-Toward Improving the Outcome of Pregnancy(1).
March of Dimes.
-Guidelines for Perinatal Care(2).
American Academy of Pediatrics; American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologist.
-Guidelines for Construction of Hospital and Healthcare Facilities(3).
American Institute of Architects.
-Toward Improving the Outcome of Pregnancy(4).
March of Dimes.
Reviewed medical and societal changes and formulated recommendations in response to these developments, especially in the area of managed care.
-Purpose of this document:
-To supplement the existing publications with a comprehensive set of standards based on clinical experience and an evolving scientific base of knowledge.
-While the standards are minimums, the intent is to optimize design using available resources, and to provide health care for the infant in a setting that promotes the central role of the family and the needs of the staff.
-Significant changes:
-Recommended standards address the delivery room.
-Recommended standards address the use of single-family rooms and operating facilites within the NICU.
-Recommended standards address the acoustical characteristics of the NICU in order to provide an optimal environment for infants who are in a significant stage of auditory development and also for the caregivers.

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