Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Human’s most fundamental needs are at the bottom and get more specific as the pyramid tapers.
o Physiological needs are the most literal requirements for human survival.
o Safety tends to dominate human behavior. Without safety, trauma and crisis are possible.
o After physiological needs are met, love and belonging invoke feelings and emotion. When positive, this can aid in the healing process. Having family around during the healing process is one key factor in the design of patient rooms. Having a designated family space can bring comfort to an ill patient. o Esteem is the point where people need to feel self-valued. Self esteem needs to be kept positive in a healing environment. Careful choice of color and environment is essential for healing.
o Self-actualization is when a person realizes they are capable. With this, positive reinforcement is essential in a healing environment.

This model has been used as a framework for nursing models of care and as an environmental hazard assessment model. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs - Health Architecture


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