Design Criteria for Inpatient Rooms

Privacy – The goal is to make the patient feel comfortable, which most times lead to healing. Single rooms are more adaptable for all kinds of patients. Doctor and nurse visits are frequent for inpatients and often times family is not in the room during tests. A private room offers more patient control (temperature, noise).
o Acoustical design is planned to absorb ambient noise and prevent transmitted noise. This makes the patient feel as though they are not surrounded by hundreds of people.

Comfort – Comfort provides relief from pain. It comes from pleasant memories which lift spirits and aid the healing process. Typically, patients staying for more than 24-48 hours make a home out of their room and having those comforts they are used to can help with treatment. Patient rooms these days are well designed with careful choice of color and materiality – often times designed with the comforts of home. Family Support – Most patient rooms have a small space out of the way for family. Typically, it is near the foot of the bed or on the opposite side of the room from the door. Known as the family zone, a sofa or a few armchairs are offered for not only the patient to feel comfortable, but the family as well if they are to be in the room for an extended amount of time.

Infection Control
o Healthcare facilities are designed to recycle air several times an hour to control airborne germs. Careful consideration of what type of filtering system is important.
o Currently, most rooms offer a soiled linen compartment that is sealed and opened from the corridor. This allows for the linens to be properly handled.
o Hand washing sinks are located just inside the door for decontamination immediately upon entering.
Distribution of supplies – Like the soiled linen disposal into the hallway, a double loaded compartment for medicine and supplies is located on the corridor side. Nurses can distribute supplies without entering the room and disturbing the patient in this design solution.
Cahnman, Sheila. Key Considerations in Patient Room Design: 2010 Update. Print. 2010 Cahnman, Sheila. Key Considerations in Patient Room Design, part 1. Print. 2006.

More pages