Clemson University

Graduate Studies in Architecture + Health at Clemson University

The Architecture + Health Program at Clemson was formed in 1968 as the Health Facilities Planning and Design Studio with a ten year grant from the South Carolina Department of Mental Health to help create a statewide mental health system and design three regional referral facilities. Its founder, Professor George C. Means Jr. FAIA was a national leader in the emerging specialty area of research and practice in healthcare architecture and was an early member of the AIA committee on Healthcare Architecture that later became the AIA Academy of Architecture for Health.

Since its inception, the program has consistently integrated research, teaching, practice and service with strong connections to professional practice. Within the framework of the Master of Architecture degree at Clemson, the Architecture + Health concentration includes seminars and studios appropriate for both a general professional degree and a concentration in the focused study of Architecture + Health. The intent is to develop the generalist/specialist - graduates who can creatively work in both modes collaboratively across disciplinary boundaries.

The concentration includes both the study of health facility design and the broader study of relationships between architectural settings and their impact on health and well-being, including healthy community planning and design and sustainable design practices. The primary purpose of the concentration is to educate future practitioners and designers on how architectural environments impact individual, community and global health, and how to create architectural settings that promote both human and environmental health. Studio design projects and seminar courses examine architecture-health relationships for settings and conditions ranging from entire communities to healthy environments of all types including healthcare facilities and individual spaces for patient care. Design studios and supporting seminars examine the healthful design of architecture at three distinct scales: communities and urban districts, healthcare facilities and other projects where health and wellbeing are significant concerns, and specific patient care spaces or architectural elements. The emphasis in the studio is on maintaining design excellence while addressing the complex and often conflicting human and technical-functional needs found in the practice of health-care architecture. Student work is expected to stand up critically at all levels of architectural consideration.

The goals of the program include:

Emphasize design excellence and innovation:

· Focus on the need for both the art and science of architecture. Balance the complex technical and functional demands of healthcare settings with the need to create environments that are experientially rich, meaningful, functionally supportive and stress reducing.
· Create multivalent architecture – that can be appreciated and valued at many levels by a wide range of constituencies, occupants and inhabitants.
· Develop/integrate research, public service and educational experiences in ways that can be applied to, and advance, architectural practice.
· Engage industry and professional leaders across disciplines in intellectual discourse and the exchange of ideas and knowledge leading to advancing the design of the built environment.

Development of generalists/specialists who are capable of:

· Communicating and collaborating with, and serving diverse constituencies
· Working in - and eventually leading - collaborative multidisciplinary teams
· Transcending the traditional roles of medical planner, designer and technician.
· Affecting informed positive change in an increasing complex and changing area of practice.

Engage in dialogue-based, collaborative and interdisciplinary practices

· Employ client/occupant responsive programming, design, and construction processes
· Develop shared environmental experiences, knowledge & values.
· Engage in multi-disciplinary collaborative team based design/build/research activities.
· Integrate service projects and research into practice-based learning.

The Architecture + Health program is anchored by the studio environment, an atelier-like setting where all students in the final two years of professional study work and learn in the same physical space with each other, program faculty, guest scholars and practitioners. This promotes cross pollination between year levels, collaborative work, and the integration of studio and seminar learning with faculty and student directed research, service, scholarship and practice activities. Guest critics and speakers from leading healthcare architecture firms and other health industry leaders regularly rotate through studios and seminars serving as lecturers, consultants, critics and advisors on projects.

The Architecture + Health Curriculum: This Architecture + Health program at Clemson is unique in that it is a concentration with the Professional Master of Architecture Degree and requires all of the following coursework of all students in a coordinated and integrated sequential structure.

Architecture + Health Studios..................................................................................... 18 Credits
Research Methods........................................................................................................ 3 Credits
Architectural Programming........................................................................................... 3 Credits
History and Theory of Architecture and Health ............................................................ 3 Credits
Health Policy, Planning, & Administration..................................................................... 3 Credits
Health Facility Planning & Design................................................................................. 3 Credits
Health Facility Internship............................................................................................ 1-3 Credits

A+ H Comprehensive Project Studio............................................................................ 6 Credits
Advanced Building Systems......................................................................................... 3 Credits
or
A+H Thesis Research................................................................................................... 3 Credits
A+H Thesis Manuscript................................................................................................. 3 Credits
A+H Thesis Design Project........................................................................................... 9 Credits

Each entering class tracks through all A+H seminar and studio courses together allowing the execution of vertical studios each fall semester, the integration of professional level seminar courses with studios, and the development of projects across multiple semesters.

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